AB1953 - California AB 1953 (or Vermont S152 if
you get a Vermont query) is a law that further
limits the weighted average (amount of) lead content
in pipes, fittings and plumbing fixtures used to
convey drinking to a maximum of .25% on wetted
services. This is less than the allowable level in
most states whose standards are based on the Federal
Safe Drinking Water Act, which has been very
effective in making drinking water safer.
glassy, thermoplastic material that is vacuum-formed
to cast and mold shapes that form the surface of
fiberglass bathtubs, whirlpools, shower bases, and
ACTUATOR BUTTON: Located on left side of tank
or in center of tank cover. Button is depressed to
active flushing cycle.
ADJUSTABLE HOT LIMIT STOP: Restricts hot
water output to protect against scalding by limiting
the swing to the hot side.
AIR CHECK: A device that allows water, but
not air, to pass through it. An air check is a
typical component of a treatment system using a
AIR GAP: A device mounted at the back of a
kitchen sink connecting to the drain line between a
dishwasher and disposer to allow the dishwasher to
discharge freely into the disposer while preventing
contaminated water from siphoning back into the
AIR LOCK: Blockage in the flow of liquid,
esp. on the suction side of a pump caused by an air
bubble in the line.
AIR VOLUME CONTROL: Maintains the air charge
in a standard water storage tank. Pre-charged tanks
do not require an air volume control
ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act -
Effective in 1992, this act places a number of
construction demands on the plumbing industry. For
faucets, handles must require no pinching or
grasping, and must require less than 5 lbs. of force
to operate. In addition, metering faucets must run
for at least 10 seconds. The Act is administered on
a state-by-state basis.
ADJUSTABLE HOT LIMIT STOP: Restricts hot
water output in single control faucets and showers
to protect against scalding by limiting the swing to
the hot side.
AERATOR: Device for oxygenating water,
filling the water flow with air bubbles. On kitchen
faucets, it enables a faucet to provide different
flows of water, from stream to spray. Kohler's
Provence kitchen faucet offers touch control
ALPHASAN: Used by American Standard – The
patented antimicrobial agent used in StayClean
whirlpools that inhibits the growth of bacteria &
fungi that cause odors & discoloration, as well as
deterioration and decay of whirlpool plumbing.
AMERICAST: by American Standard – Patented
process that bonds a high-quality porcelain enamel
surface with a high quality metaland a molded
reinforcement material backing. A lighter, more
durable alternative to cast iron.
ANSI: American National Standards Act.
ANGLE ADJUSTER: Hand controlled directional
device controlling handshower flow direction.
ANGLE STOP: A shutoff valve between water
pipes and a faucet. Its inlet connects to the water
supply pipe in a wall and its outlet ‘angles’ up 90
degrees toward the faucet, toilet, or bidet.
ANGLE STOP: Water supply shut-off valve which
also changes the direction of the flow of supply
ANTI-MICROBIAL TOILET SEATS: KOHLER
anti-microbial solid plastic toilet seats include an
anti-microbial agent which is formed into the
plastic. The germ-fighting properties of the agent
continue to rise to the surface over time and
inhibit bacteria and germ growth on the seat.
APRON: A decorating portion of a bathtub that
covers the rough-in area from the floor to the top
rim of the tub.
APRON-FRONT: Apron-front sinks are designed
with a stylish panel of color in front and are
available in both tile-in and undercounter models.
AQUAMARINE GLASS: by Kohler - A watery blue
glass color reminiscent of the ocean.
ARTIST EDITIONS: by Kohler - Collection of
fixtures, faucet trim and accessories with decorated
and textured surfaces. Kohler offers more than 20
different Artist Editions designs to inspire
creativity in the bathroom or kitchen.
AUTHORIZED SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE: by Kohler
- Kohler-certified repair technician to whom
equipment repairs should be directed.
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When water traveling from one system backs into any
part of the main distribution system, usually by
BACK FLOW PREVENTER: A device to prevent
backflow, esp. into a potable water supply. Required
for sprinkler systems, handheld showers, pullout
faucet spouts, kitchen sprayers, etc.
BACK PRESSURE: Pressure that resists the flow
of fluid in a piping system.
BACK-TO-BACK CARTRIDGE: by American Standard
- For use when you have two bathrooms showers back
to back This cartridge keeps you from having to
replumb your hot & cold lines supply lines in one of
the showers (it internally has hot & cold reversed).
BACKWATER VALVE: Sewer line valve that
prevents sewage from flowing back into the house.
BACKSPLASH: A raised integral portion of a
wall mount sink or lavatory located at the rear to
protect the wall.
BALLCOCK: The fill valve that controls the
flow of water from the water supply line into a
gravity-operated toilet tank. It is controlled by a
float mechanism in the tank water. When the toilet
is flushed, the float drops and opens the ballcock,
releasing water into the bowl. As the water in the
tank is restored, the float rises and shuts off the
ballcock when the tank is full.
BASE FAUCET: Part of lavatory faucet that
includes the spout, valve bodies, and drain
assembly. Does not include handles, which are sold
separately as part of the handle kit. For bath
faucets, the base valve does not include the
faceplate, handle, showerhead, or spout.
BALL JOINT: Spherical assembly allowing pivot
rotations for showerheads.
BALL PASSAGE: Refers to the size of a ball
which can pass through the trapway of a toilet.
Standards are established based on minimum size ball
passage. Ball passage also relates to trapway size.
Generally speaking, the size of the trap will be
1/8" larger than the maximum size ball which can
pass through it.
BASKET STRAINER: Basket shaped strainer with
holes and a slot that fits the kitchen sink drain
allowing water to run out while catching food or
other solids. Can also be closed to fill the sink
BASIN: Compartment designed to hold water
BASIN RACK: A wire rack shaped to fit the
bottom of a sink basin; used to dry or store items
off the basin floor.
BATCH FEED: Type of garbage disposer in which
garbage is fed into unit one load at a time, then
activated by placing the stopper into the drain
BATH/RIM MOUNT: Term used to describe a
faucet mounted directly on an integral bathtub
BATH WASTE: Remote control drain for tubs
involving internal plugging mechanisms as opposed to
a “pop-up” type drain. Also known as “trip lever
BEDPAN CLOSET: Toilet-like fixture used for
disposing of bedpan contents. Also known as a
“clinic service sink” or “flushing rim sink”.
BEDPAN WASHER: Faucet used in conjunction
with a conventional toilet for washing bedpans. The
most common types are “hose” and “swing down”.
BEESWAX: by Kohler - Combines shades of gold
with a "crackle" finish. It is a soft color the can
make a statement or act as an accent.
BEVERAGE FAUCET: A curved faucet that
dispenses clean, filtered drinking water, many times
accompanying an entertainment sink.
BIDET: A plumbing fixture similar in
appearance to a toilet bowl used for personal
hygiene. It is floor mounted, usually next to a
toilet, and consists of a washing basin, faucet and
BISQUE: Unglazed areas of vitreous china
fixtures, such as inside the tank or on the bottom
of the bowl foot, have a bisque finish.
BLACK'N TAN: by Kohler - The new Black n Tan
color by Kohler, available on select KOHLER Cast
Iron undercounter kitchen sinks and bathroom
lavatories, evokes a three-dimensional, glossy
stone-like appearance. Created by a multifaceted,
hot-dust enameling process that results in a smooth
surface texture, this color is characterized by an
individually unique, translucent spectrum of lighter
and darker brown tones. Black n Tan undercounter
kitchen sinks and bathroom lavatories complement
understated, neutral hues as well as warm, vibrant
BLANCOPRECISION SINKS: by Blanco - Truly
handcrafted from a single panel of premium quality
stainless steel, each sink features extraordinary
fit and finish with zero radius bowls and a near
BLOWOUT: A flushing design using a
non-siphoning trapway at the rear of the bowl, and
an integral flushing rim, relying entirely on high
BODY: Basic housing that allows you to build
your faucet for specific applications.
BODY JET VALVES: For 8-Jet BodySpa,
serviceable components used to manually select the
desired Body Jet array(s).
BODY JETS: BodySpa serviceable components
positioned vertically on the tower to provide full
body hydro-massage effects.
BODYSPA: by Kohler - a personal hydro-massage
system. Take a series of whirlpool jets, arrange
them vertically in a shower-like enclosure, then
instead of pushing water through water (as in a
whirlpool), propel it through the air.
BODYSPRAY: Shower component used in
conjunction with a showerhead to deliver flow of
water. It is commonly used in multiples to create a
custom showering space. KOHLER offers three
different fully adjustable bodyspray models which
deliver a variety of sprays—full-flow, pulsating or
BODYSSAGE BACKJET SYSTEM: This system
for KOHLER® whirlpools features ten backjets that
operate in sequences to simulate a spa massage; they
loosen tension up the back and across the shoulders,
as well as encourage deep breathing.
BOWL: Water-containing receptor which
receives liquid and solid body waste; two general
bowl classifications are round front and elongated.
BRAIDED HOSE: Flexible connecting hose.
BRILLIANCE: by Delta Faucet: Delta
revolutionized the faucet industry with the
introduction of its patented Brilliance®
anti-tarnish finish. The first company to use
Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) technology to create
decorative finish options, Delta guarantees its
Brilliance finishes for life to never tarnish,
corrode or discolor.
BUBBLER: Drinking faucet with flow-regulated
push-button self-closing valve. Also known as a
BUSHING: A pipe fitting threaded on the
inside & out used to join two pipes of different
BYPASS DOOR: Type of shower door that
consists of two or more panels running in parallel
BUTTERFLY VALVE: A serviceable valve that
allows water to flow through it when open, and stops
the water flow when closed.
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CA/VT Compliant - California AB 1953 (or
Vermont S152 if you get a Vermont query) is a law
that further limits the weighted average (amount of)
lead content in pipes, fittings and plumbing
fixtures used to convey drinking to a maximum of
.25% on wetted services. This is less than the
allowable level in most states whose standards are
based on the Federal Safe Drinking Water Act, which
has been very effective in making drinking water
CARTRIDGE: Typically refers to a valve
cartridge. It is a single-piece unit that replaces
the use of separate seats, stems, and seals for
CASHMERE: by Kohler - A warm and inviting color
inspired by the earth. This organic look features a
matte finish complemented by natural flecks of
CAST IRON: Heavy
metal covered with a porcelain enamel coating formed
by casting on molds to make fixtures such as sinks,
tubs and lavatories.
CAST IRON: by Kohler - Material used to
manufacture such plumbing fixtures as sinks,
bathtubs and lavatories. Iron is formed by molding
it while it is in a molten state. It is then coated
with an enamel powder which contains pigments to
provide fixture color and is fired at extremely high
temperatures. This melts and fuses the enamel into a
glass-like coating. Kohler Cast Iron will retain its
beauty and durability for 50 years or more, making
it truly a "once for a lifetime" purchase.
CEILING-MOUNT BATH FILLER: A small, circular
nozzle mounted directly above the bath, gracefully
trickling water from the ceiling.
CELCON NUT: Connectors used to hand-tighten
faucets to lavatory from underside of lavatory.
CENTERSET: A style of bathroom lavatory faucet that
has a combined spout and handles. Center of handles
are 4" apart. Also a single handle faucet installed
on 4" center-to-center faucet holes.
4'' CENTERSET FAUCET (4''cc) :
Lavatory faucet which installs into fixture holes
set 4" apart, combining handles and spout in the
same faucet body. It is commonly available with two
CENTERSPREAD: bathroom faucet which installs
into fixture holes set 4" apart like a centerset
faucet, but with the waterway between the two
handles and the spout concealed below the lavatory
CERAMIC CARTRIDGE: A self-contained cartridge
housing two ceramic discs. Full-on / full-off with
1/4 turn of the handle.
CERAMIC TRIM: by Kohler - Refers to
coordinating, decorative ceramic trim which may be
added to faucet handles. Color-matched or patterned
ceramic faucet trim, like that found in Kohler's
Artist Edition collection, makes it easy to create a
designer look in any bath or powder room.
CERAMIC VALVE: Single cartridge, washerless
valving system which uses ceramic discs to control
water flow. Considered the hardest, most reliable
valving material in the industry.
CHECK STOP: Shut-off valve used with tub/shower
faucets that is activated by turning a slotted stem
with a screwdriver. Also known as a “screwdriver
stop” or a “service stop”.
CHECK VALVE: A type of backflow preventer installed
in a pipe that allows water to flow in only one
CHINA: A material made from a clay and water
mixture, coated with liquid glaze and fired under
extremely high temperature to form a hard, scratch
and stain-resistant surface.
CHINA SINKS: used exclusively in bathrooms.
They come in multiple colors. The advantage of china
over cast iron is its ability to be molded into
various shapes and you can use abrasive cleaners on
CHROMATHERAPY: a system of directing light
sequences on or around the body to promote
CLASS FIVE™ TECHNOLOGY: BY KOHLER - A
flushing technology designed to create extraordinary
flushing performance with an industry-leading 3¼"
flush valve; provides powerful water flow to
maximize the gravity-fed flush, and features
simplified installation and an eco-friendly
1.4-gallon flush setting option.
CLAY: by Kohler - A warm and inviting color
inspired by the earth. This organic look features a
matte finish complemented by natural flecks of
CLOSE-COUPLED: Describes a toilet with a
separate tank and bowl, secured to each other, and
with a separate tank cover. Also referred to as a
CLOSET FLANGE: Component used to connect outlet of
water closet to the drainage waste vent (DWV) system
and to mount the fixture to the floor.
CLOSET RISER: Flexible supply tube with flat end
used to make the final supply connection to ballcock
(toilet fill valve).
CLOSET SEAT: Toilet seat. A rim placed over a
toilet as a seating surface.
CLOSET TUBE: A water supply tube used for
COBALT GLASS: by Kohler - A traditional blue
COCK: A faucet or valve for regulating the
flow of water.
COMFORT HEIGHT™: by KOHLER- The height of a
toilet bowl (with seat) that stands at the same
height as a standard chair for maximum comfort and
ease when sitting down or standing up.
COMMERCIAL: Products typically installed in
schools, hospitals, offices or other non-residential
COMPOSITE: Composite sinks made from
high-tech, high-strength, color- impregnated that
resists shipping and scratching.
COMPRESSION FITTING: A kind of tubing or pipe
connection where a nut and a sleeve or ferrule is
placed over a copper or plastic tube and is
compressed tightly around the tube as the nut is
tightened forming a positive grip and seal without
COMPRESSION VALVE: Term used to describe a
faucet valve in which the flow of water is shut off
by means of a washer that is forced down onto its
CONCEALED ARM CARRIER: Used to securely mount a wall
mount lavatory. Unlike a hanger which only supports
the lavatory where it meets the wall, the carrier
has long arms onto which the lavatory slides.
CONICAL SPONGE WASHER: Sealing washer on
urinal between outlet connection at the wall and the
china to make a watertight seal.
CONNECTING ROD: Also known as lift rod. The
rod that causes the drain to close when lifted.
CONSOLE LAV / CONSOLE TABLE: A table-like
fixture with an integral lavatory. The back is fixed
to a wall and the front is supported by brackets or
CONTEMPORARY: by Kohler - Style of KOHLER
product with modern appeal. Sharp design lines
accent faucets and fixtures in unconventional
shapes, sizes and colors
CONTINUOUS FEED: Wall switch activated type of
garbage disposer in which garbage is fed into the
unit while running.
COPPER VERDE: by Kohler - A translucent green
reminiscent of historically-made Hungarian folk art.
Works well as an accent color in any natural
setting. Features a "want to touch" it quality.
COUNTERTOP SINK - Style of lavatory which
drops in or adapts to a cutout in the countertop.
COUPLING: Straight, sleeve-like fitting with female
connections at both ends.
COVER: The top portion of a toilet seat. Also
the top lid on a toilet's tank.
CWT: Copper Water Tube
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DECK-MOUNT FAUCET: Term used to describe a
faucet that is mounted on the deck of the bathtub
enclosure, rather than on the rim of the bathtub or
on the wall. Also known as a Roman spout faucet, or
Roman Tub faucet.
DELTA MONITOR FAUCETS: feature exclusive
ScaldGuard® pressure balance valves to keep water
temperature within a safe ±3° F, protecting you from
sudden changes in hot or cold water pressure.
Anti-scald technology is so crucial that local
building codes now require it in new home
D-BOWL: A sink in which the basin is curved on
one end and straight on the other, forming a "D"
shape; these sinks are designed to accommodate the
natural motion of one's arm movement when working in
DIAL PLATE: Trim piece found behind a
single-control wall-mount faucet handle. Also known
as a face plate.
DIAMOND™ Seal Technology: DIAMOND® Seal
Technology is Brizo’s revolutionary new water
delivery system. An internal contact surface made up
of tiny diamonds makes the valve leak-free and
extraordinarily durable. It also keeps water free of
contact with potential metal contaminants.
DISPOSAL BASIN: Basin of sink which contains
drain to garbage disposal. Kohler's deep disposal
basins result in less splashing.
DIVERTER: Valves which direct water to
various outlets. They are used in showers, tub &
shower combinations, bidets, roman tub fillers and
kitchen faucet sprayers.
DIVERTER VALVE: Valve which redirects flow of
water to another application within a plumbing
system. It is commonly used for diverting water from
the tub faucet to a showerhead.
DOUBLE EQUAL: A two-basin sink in which both
basins are of equal size and shape.
DOUBLE SINK (DOUBLE BASIN): Sink which
offers two separate basins.
DOUBLE THRESHOLD: A shower base used in a
corner application where one threshold is used as an
entrance and the other has a glass wall.
DRAIN: Any pipe which carries off water or
water-born wastes in a plumbing drainage system.
DRAIN BODY: The portion of a drain fitting
which receives the stopper.
DRAIN LEVER: A lever assembly secured to a
drain body to lift a stopper and allow water to
leave a basin. Also known as ball lever.
DRAIN LINKAGE: An adjustable strap or bar
forming a connection between the lift rod of a
faucet and the ball lever assembly of the drain.
Also known as connecting link.
DRAIN VALVE: Device designed to allow
drainage of stored contents from a water heater.
DROP-IN SINK: Style of bathtub or whirlpool
bath which includes an integral mounting rim as part
of the overall structure.
DUOSTRAINER: Sink drain fitting consisting of
a strainer body attached to the drain opening and a
removable basket. Also called a strainer.
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EARTHEN WHITE: by Kohler - This cool-hued
white has a surface appearance reminiscent of
hand-crafted pottery. Its depth and translucence
gives each piece a one-of-a-kind character and
offers a refreshing option for self-expression in
the kitchen and bathroom.
E-FLOW FAUCETS: by Delta Faucet - Delta
introduced the industry’s first hands-free
electronic faucet designed specifically for
residential applications. Combining form and
function with sleek design, the e-Flow™ faucet
features above-counter temperature control and
convenient hands-free activation making it easy to
use for children, the elderly and persons with
physical challenges. The 30 second maximum flow time
guards against water waste.
ELBOW: Angled fitting with female connections
at both ends. Also known as an “ell”.
ELKAY SATIN FINISH: by Elkay - Elkays
original highlighted satin finish is produced by an
abrasive grinding operation which lends a uniform
pattern of satin finish lines to the metal surface.
All exposed areas then undergo a series of
progressive machine and hand polishing operations.
It is this careful polishing that makes an Elkay
satin luster finish so beautiful...and so easy to
clean and maintain.
ELL: Short for elbow. A plumbing fitting used
to change the direction of rigid pipe or tubing.
ELONGATED BOWL: Toilet bowl having dimensions
of 14" wide by 18 1/2" long (from center of seat
hinge holes to front outside rim edge).
ENAMEL SINK: Powder coating, usually a
combination of clay, quartz, feldspar, silica and
color pigments, applied to an iron casting.
END DRAIN: The side of a tub where the drain
is found. When facing a tub, if the drain is on the
right, this is a Right-Hand tub. If on the left, it
is a Left Hand tub. On whirlpools, the pump is
located opposite the drain.
ENTERTAINMENT / PREPARATION SINK: A small
sink that assists with food or drink preparation and
cleanup; these sinks are available in a wide variety
of styles, shapes, colors and materials.
ESCUTCHEON: A flange or shield beneath a
faucet handle. This part covers the faucet stem and
the hole in the fixture or wall.
EXTENSION TUBE: A straight section of tubing
used to extend a drainage run.
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FACE PLATE: Trim piece found behind a
single-control wall-mount faucet handle. Also known
as a dial plate.
FAUCET: An exposed plumbing fitting used as a
method of personal expression and to control the
flow of water into a basin.
FAUCET DRILLING: number of holes drilled in a
fixture to accommodate a faucet and accessories.
FAUCET PUNCHING: number of holes punched in a
stainless steel fixture to accommodate a faucet and
FAUCET THREADS: Special thread size for fittings
that connect to faucets.
FAUCET TRIM: All of the decorative parts to your
FEMALE FITTING: A fitting that receives a
pipe or fitting. A fitting into which another
fitting is inserted.
(Female Iron Pipe) Standard internal threads on pipe
FEMALE THREADS: Faucet threads that are in place
on the inside of a fitting.
FIBERGLASS: a material that adheres to a mold
and then a gel coat finish is sprayed onto it.
FILTRATION RATE: The rate at which the water
is traveling through the filter, measured as GPM
(gallons per minute) per sq. ft
FIRECLAY: A variation of vitreous china
having greater amounts of quartz and feldspar in the
clay material beneath the vitreous surface. Fireclay
is heavier (30%), denser, and thicker than regular
clay. These properties insure smooth, flat surfaces
on large fixtures which is not achievable with
standard vitreous china.
FIRECLAY SINK: Mixture of clay and minerals,
similar to vitreous china, which is molded, glazed
and fired at intense temperatures.
FITTING: A broad based term usually referring
to faucets, shower valves, and tub fillers. Also
refers to various piping parts such as tees and
FIXTURE: a product which holds water for the
point of use. Fixtures include baths, whirlpools,
shower modules, shower enclosures, toilets, bidets,
lavatories, and sinks.
FIXTURE UNIT: An arbitrary unit assigned to
different types of plumbing fixtures, and used to
estimate flow rate requirements and drain capacity
FLANGE: A rib or rim for strength, for
guiding or for attachment to another object.
FLAPPER: Disc-like rubber composite that
retains water in the tank. Upon flushing cycle lifts
to release water out of tank to the bowl for a
complete flushing cycle.
FLEX HOSE: A flexible pipe usually made of
braided stainless steel.
FLEXIBLE STAINLESS STEEL SUPPLIES: The
flexible tubing that hot and cold water lines
utilize for easy connection between the faucet and
water supply under the sink.
FLOOR DRAIN: Drainage fitting that sits flush
with the floor, used in basements and showers.
FLOOR FLANGE: Cast iron, pvc (poly vinyl
chloride), abs or metal ring located flush to floor
and is connected to drain pipe which toilet is
fastened to. (Offset floor flange allows waste pipe
to remain at existing rough but will move flange out
FLOW CONTROL VALVE: Device designed to reduce
water flow to a plumbing fixture. Often used to
improve efficiency and reduce operating costs. Also
a check valve that prevents flow reversal when
heater is turned off.
FLOW RATE: Rated in gallons per minute (GPM)
or in gallons per hour (GPH).
FLAPPER: Also known as flush ball, the
flapper is the moving part of the flush valve that
seals the water into the tank or allows water to
exit the tank for the flush cycle. This is the
predominant replacement part used on conventional
FLUSH VALVE (TANK TYPE): Toilet flushing
system that uses supply water pressure to compress
water to provide a pressurized flush as opposed to
FLUSH VALVE (TANKLESS TYPE): Toilet valve
that automatically shuts off after it meters a
certain amount of water flow. Also known as a “flushometer”.
FOUR-HOLE: Four-hole faucets are made up of a
three-hole faucet with an added accessory such as a
FREE-STANDING: Term used to describe a
bathtub that is free of walls on all sides.
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GANTRY® FAUCET: “Gantry” is a trademarked
name for the Waterstone culinary kitchen or
pre-rinse faucet. This faucet's trademarked name was
derived from the working Gantry crane’s range of
motion and distinctive look.
GATE DIVERTER: The pop-up lever on a tub
faucet that activates the diverter valve.
GAUGE: Refers to thickness of stainless steel
and is commonly used in reference to quality grades
on certain types of lavatories and sinks. 18-
and 20-gauge stainless steel sinks go through a
number of polishing and buffing operations to ensure
a beautiful finish.
GLAZE: by Kohler - Glossy, water-resistant,
colored finish surface on vitreous china plumbing
GOOSENECK: Spout style characterized by a high
GOOSENECK SPOUT: A curved, U-shaped spout; the
high arc allows for more room in the sink basin.
GPM: (Gallons Per Minute)
The rate of water flow by which faucets and
showerheads are measured and regulated.
GPF: (Gallons Per Flush) The rate of water
flow by which toilets and flush valves are measured
and regulated. Current law requires maximum of 1.6
GPF. Older styles were usually 3.5 GPF.
GRAB BAR: Safety bar installed in a bathtub
or shower for use when bathing.
GRAVITY OPERATED TOILET: A toilet which
relies on the natural downward pressure (or "head")
of water in a toilet tank to flush the toilet
GROUND JOINT: A joint which consists of
pressing two smooth mating surfaces together without
a gasket or supplemental sealant.
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HANDLES: Faucet handles typically come in 3
styles: knob, lever, and cross. Some manufacturers
allow a customer to mix and match components to
create a custom handle consisting of handle bases
and handle inserts
HANDSHOWER: Showerhead attached to the end of
a flexible hose which the bather can hold during
bathing or showering.
HIGH / LOW: by Kohler - A sink configuration
with differing basin depths.
HIGH TEMPERATURE LIMIT STOP: Valve mechanism
that provides added safety by allowing you to
pre-set a maximum hot water temperature.
HOMOGENOUS: Same in composition throughout as
opposed to laminate.
HOSE BIBB: Term used for “sillcock”.
HOT WATER DISPENSER: Product which maintains a
quantity of near-boiling water for instant use at
HYDROLOCK™: A number of Moen's faucets
feature the Hydrolock installation system, making
them faster and easier to install. A telltale
"click" audibly signals a secure connection and
eliminates the need for tools to attach the water
line to the faucet.
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(Inside Diameter) All pipes are sized according to
their inside diameter.
IGNEOUS BLACK: by Kohler - With a matte
finish, it can be contemporary or traditional in
style. It is a classic color inspired by rock and
stone. A clean, crisp glass color for ultimate
IGNEOUS BLUE: by Kohler - Inspired by nature,
is has a matte finish and is considered a "warmer"
cobalt. It has a visual texture with complementary
flecks of color.
INNOCENT BLUSH: by Kohler - Soft and quiet,
it is a very light pink hue. It is extremely
versatile as a pastel neutral and works well with
ceramic tile and darker wood tones
IPS: (Iron Pipe Size) Standard pipe threads.
Female IPS is internal pipe threads, male IPS are
external pipe threads. Also known as “NPT” or “NPS”.
INGENIUM: by Kohler - Flushing performance
engineered to deliver performance in 1.6 GPF toilets
comparable to the performance given by previous 3.5
INGENIUM® FLUSHING SYSTEM: by Kohler - A
flushing technology that delivers complete
3.5-gallon performance in a 1.6-gallon package.
INSTANTANEOUS WATER HEATER: Type of water
heater which heats supply as it passes through; no
storage tank necessary. Also known as a “tankless
INSULINER: by Kohler - Kohler's Registered
trade name for factory-installed tank insulation,
which minimizes condensation on the outside of the
tank (also known as tank sweating) when exposed to
INTEGRAL: A cast or formed part of a fixture,
such as bubbler, trap, seat or tank.
IRON COBALT: by Kohler - A vivid,
eye-catching blue that will make any sink the focal
point of the room. It appears to "float" on the
glass-like enameled cast iron finish, giving it an
intense depth of shine. Brilliant with warm accents
of custard yellow, earthly beige tones, or white.
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LAUNDRY TRAY: Laundry Tub. Very deep sink used
in a laundry room for soaking or washing clothing.
LAUNDRY (UTILITY) SINK: Type of sink with extra
deep sink compartments for cleaning laundry or small
LAVATORY: Bathroom or
LAVATORY FAUCET: Type of faucet designed to
deliver water into a lavatory.
LAVATORY RISER: Flexible supply tube with
bullet-shaped end, used to make the final supply
connection with external threaded inlet shanks
LEDGEBACK: Style of sink or lavatory which
includes a deck at the rear for mounting the faucet
and other accessories.
LEVER FAUCET HANDLE: Type of faucet handle
that extends outward from the stem for easy control.
LID: Toilet tank lid. The removable top cover
on a toilet's tank.
LIFESHINE® Finish: by Moen - With the
designer touch of decorative finishes and the
durability of chrome, these finishes are guaranteed
not to tarnish, corrode or flake off… for life.
LIFT ROD: Also known as connecting rod.
Faucet component that opens the pop-up drain in a
lavatory when the lift rod is depressed. When rod is
lifted, the drain closes so the lavatory will retain
LIMIT STOP: Faucet control unit used to
adjust maximum water temperature.
LIVING FINISH: A finish that will change over
time as it is exposed to oxidation and usage. This
is a natural finish that is not protected with any
type of external or clear coating. Not considered a
durable finish and is easily scratched or marred.
LOW-PROFILE SPOUT: A shorter, less
exaggerated curve keeps the low-profile spout out of
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by Delta Faucet - docking keeps the kitchen
pull-down spray wand firmly in place with a powerful
integrated magnet, so it stays docked when not in
The threads of the pipe are on the outside.
(MIP): (Male Iron Pipe) Standard external threads on
pipe and fittings.
MARATON®: by Chicago Faucets - Single Control
kitchen and lavatory faucets. Chicago Faucets
MASTER GOURMET: by Blanco - Kitchen faucet
from BLANCO. This professional series standard
bearer, features a modern high arc primary tap with
minimalist side lever and hanging pressure sprayer
with stainless steel hose protector coil.
MASTER CLEAN™: by Kohler - A type of faucet
sprayface that withstands mineral buildup and can be
cleaned simply by rubbing the sprayface with your
METAL FRAME: Installation which includes a
separate metal ring component for mounting and
finishing off the appearance of the sink.
METERING FAUCET: Faucet which delivers a
predetermined volume of water and then automatically
MINISPREAD: A special style of bathroom
lavatory faucet having separate spout and handles,
but designed small enough that it will fit 4"
center-to-center faucet holes.
MIXER: The portion of a burner where air and
gas are mixed before delivery to the burner ports.
MIXING VALVE: Mixes hot and cold water to
achieve a specified delivery temperature.
MOENSTONE: by Moen – Kitchen sinks made from
a high-strength quartz composite material.
MONOBLOC FAUCET: A single handle faucet.
MOUNTING FRAME: External mounting means used
to install sinks which have no integral provision.
M•PACT®: by Moen - Moen's
innovative M•PACT valve makes it easier to upgrade
the style of the bathroom without replacing any
faucet plumbing. A common valve design allows for a
faucet change in just minutes: simply unscrew the
handles and spout, lift them out and replace with
the new style. It is just as easy to change the
shower trim by removing the handle from the wall and
replacing the trim.
MULTICHOICE® UNIVERSAL VALVE BY DELTA: The
MultiChoice Universal Valve allows you install one
rough in the wall and then choose from three
different shower functions as well as various
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NEO-ANGLE: Term used to describe shower
receptor or bathtub that fits into a corner. Two
corner walls butt up against the fixture.
NIPPLE: A short length of pipe
installed between couplings or other fittings.
NOMINAL DIMENSION: Within established range
of manufacturing tolerances.
NOMINAL SIZE: Size used for identification only; not
NPT: National pipe threads.
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(Outside Diameter) The diameter of a pipe measured
from the outside edge.
OBSCURE GLASS: Glass that lets light through
but is not totally transparent.
OFFSET: A tubular component which permits the
offsetting of a drainage run in the same basic
ONE-HANDLE FAUCET: provide on/off activation
and temperature setting with a single operation.
ONE PIECE TOILET: A toilet in which the tank
and bowl are manufactured as a single vitreous china
fixture. Typically, one-piece toilets have a lower
profile than two-piece toilets.
ONE-PIECE WASHERLESS CARTRIDGE: by Moen -
Moen's patented one-piece cartridge means no washers
- the most common causes of annoying drips. The
self-contained assembly has fewer parts, meaning
greater reliability and worry-free performance year
OPEN FRONT: A style of toilet seat rim where
there is an open space about three inches wide at the
front. Considered more sanitary in commercial
applications where constant usage exceeds janitorial
OUTLET CONNECTION: Waste connection to the
OVERFLOW HOOD: On a bath drain, the decorative
hood concealing the overflow.
OVERFLOW TUBE: The vertical tube inside a
toilet tank that directs water into the bowl in case
the ballcock malfunctions. It is usually part of the
flush valve. It prevents potential water damage
caused by a tank overflow. A "constant-running"
condition alerts the user to a problem. On most
toilets, the overflow tube also has a refill tube
flowing into it, which directs water from the
ballcock through the overflow tube to the bowl, after
a siphon break.
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Trap design which routes drainage horizontally back
through the wall to connect with Drainage Waste Vent
PAINTED LADY PINK: by Kohler - Combines shades
of pink with a "crackle" finish. It is a soft color
the can make a statement or act as an accent.
PATINA: The external layer of oxidation that
naturally occurs on the surface of the base metal.
Metals react differently due to time frames and
chemicals designed to accelerate this natural
process which creates a variety of colors and hues
that result in a living finish.
PAUSE BUTTON: by Moen - Available on Moen's
Aberdeen™ and Woodmere™ pull-down kitchen faucets,
this patented pause button allows the user to pause
the flow of water at the wand. It's like having a
second "on-off" button in your hand - and convenience
at your fingertips
PEACEKEEPER™: - by Kohler - Kohler is
patented, factory-installed, battery-powered,
seat-actuated flushing system, which initiates the
flush cycle when the user simply lowers the seat lid.
PEDESTAL LAVATORY: A lavatory in which the
basin is supported primarily by a pedestal leg.
PEPPER 'N SALT: by Kohler - A cool color for
the kitchen that features whites and grays. With its
flecked appearance, Pepper 'N Salt works well with
many tile patterns and countertop materials.
PIVOT DOOR: A shower door that rotates on
metal pivots located at the top and bottom of the
PLUNGER REPAIR KIT: Depending upon model may
contain plunger, clip, seat, o-ring to seal top of
water control to body of water control. If the float
rod is lifted up & the water keeps running, using a
Plunger repair kit may stop water from running in the
tank via the refill tube. Newer models do not have a
plunger repair kit option, as it is relatively
inexpensive to replace the entire water control.
POP-UP ASSEMBLY: The drain mechanism of a
faucet installed on a lavatory. The drain stopper
"pops" up and down.
POP-UP DRAIN: Remote control drain assembly.
Also known as a “trip lever drain” for tubs.
PORCELAIN: White ceramic ware that consists of
quartz, kaolin, and feldspar. It is fired at high
temperature on steel or cast iron to make the surface
of some bathtubs, kitchen sinks, and bathroom
PORCELAIN ENAMEL: Vitreous enamel. Often
refers to pressed steel products with a porcelain
POTABLE: Water which is safe to drink.
POWDER COAT: A technique for applying paint
to metal surfaces. The metal is covered with a
powder of dry paint particles and is baked in an
oven. This causes the powder to melt and harden into
a tough, colorful finish.
PREMIER: by Kohler - Kohler products in this
category are made from the finest materials.
Extravagant designs and maximum features provide
value worthy of a higher price.
PREP FAUCET: A full size faucet that has a
shorter reach spout to accommodate smaller prep and
PRE-RINSE FAUCET: This faucet is borne from
commercial kitchen use. It has found its way into
residential culinary kitchens and incorporates an
attached hanging spray (in addition to the normal
faucet spout) that is used for
“pre-rinsing“cookware, dishware, and utensils in the
PRESSURE ASSISTED TOILET: Utilizes the power
of the flushometer valve to create a powerful
siphonic flushing action. Water fills a sealed tank
inside the chinaware tank creating pressure by
displacing air within this sealed tank. When the push
button or trip lever is activated, the water under
pressure, rapidly thrusts or pushes waste and water
through the bowl. The entire flushing process occurs
very quickly (about 4 seconds).
PRESSURE-BALANCING - by Moen - Moen
pressure-balancing valves adjust automatically to
changes in water line pressure - ensuring constant
and comfortable water temperatures. Despite demands
elsewhere in the system, the water temperature is
guaranteed to remain within ± 2°F of the temperature
you set. For added safety, Moen's temperature limit
stops can be set to prevent the handle from being
turned to full hot.
PRESSURE BALANCING VALVE: A shower mixing
valve that automatically maintains balance between
incoming hot and cold water supplies by immediately
regulating fluctuations in pressure. As a result the
outlet temperature remains constant, though the
outlet pressure may drop. Also known as an
PRESSURE-CLEAN™ - by Kohler - Kohler is
Trademarked trade name for Kohler-designed and
manufactured 1.6 gpf flushometer tank system.
PROFLEX®: by Kohler - Whirlpools and baths
with flexible options for builders and homeowners,
including various installation solutions due to
multiple pump location options.
PSI: (Pounds Per Square Inch) A means of
measurement used to determine pressure within
PULL-DOWN SPRAY: A hose-connected, removable
nozzle with the ability to disconnect from the
faucet mount by pulling downward; this allows better
nozzle flexibility and dexterity.
PULL-OUT SPRAY: Single-control kitchen faucet
which offers a retractable hose and sprayhead to be
used for food preparation and cleaning.
PUREAIR: by Jacuzzi - A series of air bubble
tubs that feature air movement from gentle to robust
or from wave to pulsating action through a system
called “Thermal Lumbar Comfort” (TLC).
PURETOUCH®: by Moen - Moen's PureTouch
filtering faucet systems are designed to improve
taste and reduce odors in drinking water by removing
impurities such as chlorine, lead and harmful cysts,
all without removing the beneficial flouride. Its
filtered water is dispensed through a separate
channel so that it never mixes with unfiltered water.
The system also features an electronic filter life
indicator to show when a replacement filter is
PUSH BUTTON: A style of toilet tank flush
actuator, different from the traditional trip-lever
PVC: PolyVinyl Chloride. A white plastic used
in the manufacture of water supply pipe.
PVD: (Physical vapor deposition): by Kohler - Kohler's
'Vibrant' polished brass finish uses PVD technology.
Vibrant's PVD finish offers added beauty and superior
resistance to scratches, corrosion and tarnishing.
The best polished brass finish in the industry.
PVD: by Blanco - A method of vaporizing,
and ionizing high purity metals and gases to form a
film-like metal compound that coats BLANCO brass
sinks and faucets. The process takes place under
airtight, contaminant-free conditions in a sealed
vacuum chamber. Key features of this
“state-of-the-art” process include: unequaled
elegance, durability and depth, with exceptional
resistance to abrasion and chemicals and four times
harder than natural brass. Note: Blanco does not use
the cheaper “clear” topcoat process that can be
scratched or discolored by sunlight.
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RECEPTOR: Shallow basin used to catch and
contain water in the bottom of a showering space.
RECESSED TUB: A tub that has a
decorative finish on one side only and is surrounded
by three walls.
REFILL TUBE: Outlet of water control. It is
what the water goes through to fill the tank.
REMOTE VALVE: A separate standing valve, or
faucet handle, which controls the faucet as well as
RESIDENTIAL: Products typically installed in
REVERSE OSMOSIS: A water treatment method whereby
water is forced through a semi permeable membrane
which filters out impurities.
REVERSE TRAP FLUSHING: Flushing design in which trap
is located at rear, assisted by jet in trapway.
REVERSIBLE BASINS: by Kohler - Kitchen sinks
with reversible basins options feature uneven basin
RIGID PIPE: Pipe designed to transmit the
backfill load to the foundation beneath the pipe.
Rigid pipe must be supported on the bottom portion
of the pipe.
RIM: The inside edge of the perimeter of a
toilet bowl. The lower portion of a toilet seat. The
edge of a sink or lavatory.
RIMSEAL: by Kohler - a process that
significantly reduces "rim rust" on KOHLER
self-rimming cast iron products. The process
involves the application of a non-corrosive metal
coating to the rims of self-rimming cast iron sinks
and lavatories prior to the application of undercoat
and enamel. All cast iron lavatories and sinks
manufactured after August 7, 1996 have received the
RimSeal application. Because all Kohler self-rim
cast iron sinks and lavatories are now being coated
with RimSeal, it is no longer necessary for Kohler
Co. to include a tube of sealant with these
products. As of October 1, 1996, Kohler no longer
sends sealant with self-rimming cast iron products
-- installers can use the product of choice.
RITE-TEMP: by Kohler - Safety valve designed
to protect against the development of a dangerous
condition by relieving high temperature and/or high
pressure from a water heater. Kohler's exclusive
Rite-Temp pressuring-balancing valves provide an
added measure of safety by eliminating surges of hot
and cold water during showering.
RISER: A vertical metal or plastic tube or assembly
that connects a faucet to the water supply stop
valve. Usually made of copper.
ROMAN TUB SET: A roman tub set is a tub set
that is mounted on the deck of a tub not on the
ROMAN SPOUT: Term used to describe a faucet
that is mounted on the deck of the bathtub
enclosure, rather than on the rim of the bathtub or
on the wall. Also referred to as a deck-mount
ROUND-FRONT: Toilet bowl measuring 14" wide
by 16 1/2" long (from center of seat hinge holes to
front outside rim edge).
ROUGH-IN: Installation of the drain, waste, vent,
and supply lines in a structure to the proposed
location of each fixture.
ROUGH-IN DIMENSIONS: The distance from
a finished wall or floor to the center of the waste
or supply opening or mounting holes on a plumbing
ROUND FRONT BOWL: Toilet bowl having
dimensions of 14" wide by 16 1/2" long (from center
of seat hinge holes to front outside rim edge).
ROUSSILLON RED: by Kohler - An exquisite
combination of rich and warm earthen reds. Named
after a beautiful French village atop Mount Rouge in
Provence, it is substantial in feeling and tone not
typically found in manufactured reds.
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Trap design which routes drainage vertically down
through the floor to connect with the Drainage Waste
SADDLE: The separator found in many KOHLER®
kitchen sinks which splits the basin into two parts.
SAFFRON: by Kohler - A natural, translucent
yellow. It is an inviting color that commands
attention, but in a warm, comfortable style.
SAGE: by Kohler - A translucent green that
has a cool, calming affect. Natural and soothing,
SATIN POLISHED FINISH: by Blanco - Most
BLANCO stainless steel sinks have what is called a
satin polished finish. This elegant finish creates
an enduring, easy-to-clean luster that is impervious
to water stains and calcium deposits. The satin
polished finish is created by performing numerous
hand and machine buffing operations that produce a
beautiful luster. We also offer a satin finish for
our BLANCOSPEX sink models. The satin finish has
more of a brushed appearance.
SCALD GUARD: by Delta Faucet - Delta Monitor
Series Scald-Guard valves are designed to prevent
extreme water temperature changes through pressure
balance technology. When there is a drop in hot or
cold water pressure (when other appliances are in
use or a toilet is flushed), the Scald-Guard valve
shifts back and forth behind the shower handle to
compensate for the sudden change. This valve
maintains a constant water temperature (within +/-
3° F) to help give you and your family a safe and
enjoyable bathing experience.
SCREWDRIVER STOP: Used with tub/shower
faucets. Shut off valves built into the brass body
of the bath/shower unit (if you need to work on the
unit you turn the water off at the body instead of
shutting off your whole house.)
SCULLERY SINK: Type of sink used in
commercial or institutional kitchens.
SEAFOAM GREEN COLOR: by Kohler - A fresh,
green pastel that establishes a light and airy mood
in any bathroom. It offers a clean, crisp feeling
that also works well with other darker greens.
SEA SALT COLOR: by Kohler - Featuring a
textured, three-dimensional color, Sea Salt combines
neutral KOHLER colors and organic materials to give
it unique depth and character. This sophisticated
neutral color, shown here on the DemiLav™ Vessels
lavatory, is available for kitchen and bathroom
environments and offers versatile coordination with
fixtures and faucets in complementary color
SELF-CLOSING FAUCET: Commercial lavatory
faucet that flows water for a set time after the
handle is pushed or turned.
SELF-RIMMING SINK: A style of bathroom lavatory or
kitchen sink with a rolled and finished edge, or
rim. The fixture installs on top of a counter
without the need for a metal sink rim.
SEMI-ENCASTRE: A unique, space-saving,
self-rimming lavatory installation in which the back
of the lavatory is installed into the countertop
while the front, or apron, of the lavatory projects
from the countertop.
SERENGETI: by Kohler - Combines shades of
beige with a "crackle" finish. It is a soft color
the can make a statement or act as an accent.
SERVICE SINK: Deep fixed basin, usually
supplied with hot and cold water, which is used for
rinsing of mops, disposal of cleaning water, or
washing clothes and other household items.
SERVICE SINK FAUCET: Commercial grade faucet
used on a service or utility sink.
SERVICE STOPS VALVE: The service stop valve
allow to turn off the hot and cold water for repair
with no turn of the main valve in your house.
SHROUD: Color matched component under a
wall-mount lavatory that covers the drain outlet for
SHOWER ARM: Shower trim component that
delivers water to the showerhead. Usually 1/2" NPT,
the shower arm connects showerhead and water supply
line behind a finished wall of the shower enclosure.
SHOWER ELL: Plumbing elbow into which threads
the shower arm. It is secured to the wall framing.
The vertical water supply pipe from the bath/shower
valve connects to the shower ell inlet.
SHOWER PANEL: shower panel is a separate
panel that mounts on a shower wall that includes a
valve, showerhead, handshower, and body sprays. This
is a quick and easy way to add these functions to
your shower without tearing out the wall.
SHOWER SPRAYS: Champagne spray is a highly
aerated spray that is gentle and soft. It is
especially good to use with children, as it will not
hurt their eyes. A pulsation or massage spray
is just that. It pulses creating a massaging effect,
which is great to use on sore muscles. A needle
spray is your standard shower spray, which with
some showerheads can be adjusted from a small to
large spray. Self-Cleaning isn't a spray
actually, it is offered by several manufacturers to
keep the holes clear of calcium deposits. Some have
pins that push out the deposits while others have a
Teflon coating, which resists calcium buildup.
SHOWER SUPPLY ELBOW: Plumbing elbow into
which threads the shower arm. It is secured to the
wall framing. The vertical water supply pipe from
the bath/shower valve connect to the shower ell
SHOWERHEAD: Device that delivers water in a
showering space. It may have an adjustable spray
feature and a valve for regulating the flow of water
from the shower.
SHROUD: Color-matched component beneath a
wall-mount lavatory which covers the drain outlet.
SIDESPRAY: A small spray nozzle separate from
the faucet, connected to a pullout hose for full
flexibility and function when spraying dishes or
cleaning the inside of the sink.
SILENTSHIELD™: by Kohler - A sound-absorption
system found in many KOHLER sinks that significantly
reduces the noise from clanging dishes and
silverware, as well as unwanted noise from running
water and disposals.
SILENTSHIELD PLUS™: by Kohler - A
sound-absorption system found in many KOHLER sinks
that significantly reduces the noise from clanging
dishes and silverware, as well as unwanted noise
from running water and disposals; also reduces
condensation and helps maintain water temperature.
SILLCOCK: An outdoor faucet furnished with
hose threads on the spout. Also used to supply
washing machines. Also known as a “hose bibb”.
SILGRANIT: by Blanco - SILGRANIT® is
manufactured of 80% rock hard granite. Features of
SILGRANIT include heat resistancy up to 536° F,
stain, scratch & chip resistant, impervious to acids
& alkalis, easy to clean & maintain, colored all the
way through and guaranteed with our no-hassle
limited lifetime warranty.
SIPHON JET TOILET: A toilet having a trapway
at the rear of the bowl and integral flushing rim,
and minimum dimensions of 5" x 4" water spot and 1
1⁄2” ball pass. Similar to reverse trap flushing,
but more efficient.
SINGLE BASIN SINK: Term used to describe a
sink comprised of a single compartment.
SINGLE-CONTROL FAUCET: Type of faucet that
has one handle to control both water temperature and
SINGLE-HOLE SINK: One hole drilling
positioned in the center of a sink or lavatory
faucet ledge providing for installation of a
SINGLE-HOLE FAUCET: Faucet which installs
into a single fixture hole.
SINGLE THRESHOLD: Type of shower base used in
a three wall installation with the threshold being
the side with the door.
SINK (KITCHEN)- Any of a variety of fixtures
used as a method of personal expression and for
entertaining, food preparation, and dish washing.
May contain one or more basins, which may be of
SLIDE BAR: Type of shower component designed
for the attachment of a handshower. The mounting
bracket can be adjusted at different heights to
accommodate individual preference.
SLIP JOINT: A connection made with
SMART DIVIDE™: by Kohler - A kitchen sink
basin split into two sections, with the divider set
at half the height of those found on conventional
double-basin sinks; the short divider better
accommodates larger items.
SOAP/LOTION DISPENSER: Accessory that holds
liquid soap or lotion. May be installed in a
predrilled sink hole or through a 1" max. thickness
SOUNDSHIELD™: by Moen - Available on Moen's
Lancelot® stainless steel sinks, SoundSHIELD
undercoating provides exceptional sound deadening
which creates a much quieter experience when working
at the sink.
SPOUT: Delivers water from the faucet valve
to the sink, lavatory or bath.
SPOUT HEIGHT: Vertical measurement from the
base of the faucet to the tallest point of the spout
SPOUT REACH: Horizontal measurement from the
center of the spout/shank to the center of the
SPUD: A threaded waterway assembly inserted
into the fixture for assembly of valves or trim.
(Back spud - pipes are concealed behind wall. Top
spud - pipes are exposed.)
SPUN GLASS: by Kohler - Lavatory material
made from soda lime glass. Air bubbles formed during
the casting process work with naturally occurring
pigments to give Kohler's spun glass Vessels a
somewhat irregular, yet invitingly tactile, surface.
SQUARE HANDLE FAUCET: Type of faucet handle
with a square shape.
STAINLESS STEEL SINKS: Material used in the
manufacture of kitchen sinks. Sheet metal is drawn
into a shape that has a degree of depth. Additional
press operations include punching of faucet holes
and forming of fixture rims.
STANDARD FAUCETS: Type of commercial faucet
that is operated similar to a residential faucet.
The user is in complete control of volume and
STATIC PRESSURE: The pressure at the valve
inlet that is exerted under a "no flow" condition.
SEAM COVER: Used with several Stallbrook
urinals installed side by side to create a seamless
appearance. It is installed between each fixture, so
that it creates the "look" of one large fixture.
STONEWARE: by Kohler - These neutrals are
complemented with texture. Stoneware peppers a
background of Biscuit with flecks of black and
brown. Cream City features the same effect on a warm
cream background. White Cliffs takes on a soft,
chalk-like appearance with flecks of black and
STOP: The shutoff valve under sinks and
toilets. Allows water supply to be cut off to one
fixture without affecting the water supply to the
entire house or building.
STOP AND DRAIN FITTING: Plug-type valve used
to tap into a water main to control the flow to a
branch line, which has a side opening to shut off
the water and allow it to drain out so the pipe
STRAINER: Sink drain fitting consisting of a
strainer body attached to the drain opening and a
removable basket. Also called a duostrainer.
SUPPLY KIT: Usually a kit of all parts needed
to connect a faucet or toilet to the pipes coming
out of the wall. Usually includes stop valves, water
connectors, and escutcheons.
SUPPLY STOP: The valve providing on/off
toilet water supply control.
SWAN HIGH GLOSS: by Swan Corporation - An
ultra-bright, ultra-clean glossy surface unique to a
traditional line of walls made by Swan Corporation.
Its shine comes from a durable baked-on finish.
SWANSTONE: by Swan Corporation - A
homogenous, nonporous material with color molded
throughout. This material is reinforced, modified
acrylic filled with natural minerals. It is heat
resistant up to 375 degrees and it has a limited
SWING SPOUT: A faucet spout with the ability
to spin left to right, side to side.
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T & P VALVE: (Temperature
& Pressure Relief Valve) A safety device used to
expel excess pressure or heat from inside a tank.
TAILPIECE: The portion of a drain fitting
which protrudes into the trap.
TAIL PIPE: The pipe added below the jet
assembly, in a weak well application.
TANK FIXTURE: Reservoir for flush water. On a
conventional toilet, the ballcock, flush valve, and
trip lever are installed in the tank. A tank lid
closes the top tank opening.
TANK TRIM: Parts other than china regularly
supplied with a toilet, for example, closet spuds
wall hangers, and tank flush valves. Trim also
includes flush valve, water control and trip lever
TANKLESS WATER HEATER: Type of water heater which
heats water as it passes through – no storage tank
necessary. Also known as
TEA GREEN: by Kohler - Nature's neutral, Tea
Green offers a luminous suggestion of color that
lends sheer character and atmosphere to the bath.
Its rich, translucent surface renders depth and
subtle movement -- highlighting design lines and
TEE: T-shaped fitting with three openings
that allow another pipe to be joined at a 90 degree
angle, used to create branch lines.
TEMPASSURE BY DELTA: TempAssure™ keeps the
temperature consistent by precisely measuring,
monitoring, and automatically adjusting the water
TEMPERED GLASS: Glass that has been annealed
or strengthened by a process of gradually healing
and cooling. Once a piece of glass has
been tempered, it cannot be cut. If it breaks, it
breaks into many small pieces.
TEMPERING VALVE: A in-line hot/cold mixing
THREE-HANDLE FAUCET: Use separate handles for
hot and cold water, but have an additional handle to
divert the water from bath spout to showerhead.
THREE-HOLE: Three-hole faucets consist of two
separate handles and a spout, or a single-handle
faucet with an escutcheon plate to stylishly cover
the vacant faucet holes.
THERMOSTATIC: Maintains steady water
temperature to prevent scalding and thermal shock.
THERMOSTATIC VALVE: A shower mixing valve
with automatic temperature control. When temperature
fluctuations occur at the water inlets, a thermal
actuator adjusts the hot and cold ratio to maintain
the original temperature setting.
TILE-IN SINK INSTALLATION: Installation where
lavatory is fit flush with countertop. Tile-in sinks
have flat, straight edges and square corners for a
neat, flush fit with tiled surfaces.
TIMBERLINE: by Kohler - A deep, hunter green,
Timberline is at home with a variety of styles and
designs. Taking its cue from nature, it works
extremely well in "lodge" settings but can also be
incorporated into formal decor as well.
TOILET BOWL: Water receptor which receives
liquid and solid waste.
TOILET ROUGHING-IN MEASUREMENT: Dimension
from finished wall or floor to center of waste or
supply opening or mounting holes. (99% of one and
two piece toilets are 12" rough. Most flush valve
toilets are 10" rough.)
TOP MOUNT: The whole faucet fits through the
holes on the top of the sink with a plate covering
the body of the faucet.
TOUCH CLEAN: features soft, rubber nubbins
that allow you to easily wipe away calcium and lime
build-up with the touch of a finger.
TOUCHLESS FAUCET: Commercially installed
faucet or urinal valve that function using infrared
Touch2O™ Technology: by Delta Faucet - A
simple tap anywhere on the spout or handle
intuitively turns the faucet on and off. Enables you
to turn on and off the faucet with just a tap,
making kitchen tasks easy during food prep and clean
TRAP: Curved section of drain line that
prevents sewer odors from escaping into the
atmosphere. All fixtures that have drains must have
a “P” trap installed. A toilet is the only plumbing
fixture with an “S” trap.
TRAP DRAIN: A flex adapter to connect 1-1/4"
to 1-1/2" drain pipe.
TRAP SEAL: The height of water in a toilet
bowl "at rest, it provides a water seal which
prevents sewer gases from entering the home. Trap
seal is measured from the top of the dam, down to
the inlet of the trapway. Also referred to as deep
TRAPWAY: Channel connecting bowl to waste
outlet where siphoning action occurs. Also referred
to as passageway.
TRIM: May refer to the faucet handles, all
exposed portions of faucets, or to all faucets.
TRIP LEVER: Flush handle and actuating arm on
a toilet tank. Also the lever that opens and closes
the drain on the bathtub waste and overflow.
TRIPLE BASIN: Term used to describe a sink
comprised of three compartments.
TROUGH SINK: A long, narrow sink replicating
the shape of a trough that accommodates food
preparation and disposal.
TUB SPOUT: Faucet component which delivers
water from the faucet valve to the bath.
TURQUOISE: by Kohler - Combines shades of
green with a "crackle" finish. It is a soft color
the can make a statement or act as an accent.
TWO HANDLE FAUCET: Faucet which features two
separate handles to control water temperature—one
controls cold, the other hot.
TWO-HOLE: Two-hole faucets consist of a
single-hole faucet paired with an accessory such as
TWO PIECE TOILET: A toilet with a separate
tank and bowl. Also referred to as close-coupled.
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UNDERCOUNTER SINK: Type of installation in
which a lavatory or sink is attached to the underside
of a countertop.
UNDERCOVER: The underside portion of some
faucets which also use a top shroud to cover an
assembled faucet waterway.
UNDERMOUNT LAVATORY: The body of the sink
attaches to the underside of the countertop. Depending
on the design of the sink, faucets can be mounted on
the countertop or the sink itself.
UNION: A three piece fitting that joins two
sections of pipe, but allows them to be disconnected
without cutting the pipe.
URINAL: A plumbing fixture which receives only
liquid body waste and conveys the waste through a trap
seal into a gravity drainage system.
UTILITY SINK: A deep, fixed basin that is
supplied with hot and cold water and is used for
rinsing mops and disposing cleaning water.
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VACUUM BREAKER: An
anti-siphon device that prevents the backflow of
contaminated water into the water supply system in
the event of a negative pressure condition.
VALVE: A device that regulates the flow of
water. Also the rough-in part of a faucet that is
concealed in the wall or undercounter.
VALVE BODY: The housing for a valve
cartridge. Contains an inlet and outlet, with the
valve cartridge controlling the flow of water.
VALVE CARTRIDGE: A single-piece unit that
replaces the use of separate seats, stems, and
seals for water-flow control.
VANITY TOP: Bathroom cabinet with a wash
basin set in the top.
VERITEK: by Swan Corporation - An affordable
compression-molded material with no surface coating
to chip or crack. This non-porous material will not
mold or mildew, making it perfect for your
VESSEL SINK: A lavatory, reminiscent of
china washbasins with finished inside and outside
walls, that is designed to sit on the countertop.
VITREOUS CHINA: As applied to plumbing
fixtures, compounded of ceramic materials fired at
high temperature to form a nonporous body with
exposed surfaces coated with ceramic glaze fused to
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WADING POOL™ LAVATORY: by Kohler - A
lavatory with reduced basin depth; some offer an optional, detachable
water-catching bowl or surface panel.
WALL BRACKET: An adjustable bracket
which attaches to a slide bar or hanger allowing the user to pivot and rotate
the position of a handshower.
WALL-MOUNT SINK: Type of installation in which a lavatory is supported from
Hand washing fixture providing lavatory function for
two or more persons simultaneously.
WASHDOWN TOILET: Water closet having a siphon
trapway at the front of the bowl, and integral
WASTE AND OVERFLOW: The drain assembly for a
bathtub. The outlet at the top removes the
“overflow” water during tub filling and the drain at
the bottom removes “waste” water when the tub is
WATER CLOSET: A toilet.
WATER COOLER: A fixture which includes a
refrigeration system for chilling drinking water.
WATER CONTROL: Means of supplying and controlling water level in a
WATER-EFFICIENT FAUCET: Delta’s lower flow faucets typically use about
20% less water, with equal or superior performance.
WATERSENSE® LABELED PRODUCT: Delta is a partner in WaterSense®, an
EPA-sponsored certification program that ensures the performance of
WATER SURFACE: The surface of the still water in the toilet bowl when
filled between flushes.
WATER PURIFIER: Purifying systems vary from the very basic (reducing
water's bad taste and odor) to advanced (removing everything from the water and
automatically shutting off with you need to change the filters). Cost, storage
capacity, and water usage are all factors in which system you purchase.
WATER-SAVING TOILET: A classification of toilet which uses no more than
3.5 gallons and no less than 1.6 gallons per flush.
WAX RING: Located between floor flange and toilet as a seal to prevent
leakage and fumes. (Note: can also be provided with horn, which fits into the
center of the waste pipe.)
WEIR: Dam in the trapway that is specifically designed to give you
recommended water seal and water spot.
WHIRLPOOL: Bathtub fitted with jets which propel a current of warm water
in a swirling motion.
WHITE CLIFFS: by Kohler - These neutrals are complemented with texture.
Stoneware peppers a background of Biscuit with flecks of black and brown. Cream
City features the same effect on a warm cream background. White Cliffs takes on
a soft, chalk-like appearance with flecks of black and green.
WHITE SATIN: by Kohler - A more understated white color featuring a
satin finish that promotes creativity and the ultimate versatility in
WIDESPREAD FAUCET (8''CC TO 12''CC): A style of bathroom lavatory
faucet having separate spout and handles. Usually 8"
from center of handle-to-handle. Some widespread
faucets can be set with handles up to 12" apart.
WILD ROSE: by Kohler - A sophisticated pink with a hint of grey tone, it
is a romantic color that can add warmth to the kitchen and bathroom. Works well
with most neutrals.
WITH SIDESPRAY: Kitchen sink faucet included with a separate side
handspray for added utility. Sidespray can be mounted through the faucet
escutcheon plate or through a separate fixture drilling (hole).
WRISTBLADE FAUCET HANDLE: ADA-compliant faucet style that can readily be
used by physically challenged individuals and in hospital or commercial
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